Monday, April 1, 2013

Exy : Rules and Regulations

+ What's on: Back to Black, by Amy Winehouse

With many thanks to Z, who pushed me to rewrite this and then checked/rechecked the mess I dumped on her lap. Any remaining mistakes are mine. If I've forgotten anything, please let me know.


Exy is played in two forty-five minute halves with a fifteen minute halftime break.

An Exy court is 60 yards wide x 100 yards long x 10 yards tall (in meters, roughly 55 x 91 x 9). It is completely enclosed by a half-inch thick plexiglass wall: primarily for rebounds and passing, but also to protect the audience from being struck by the ball. Both Home and Away have doors to allow players on and off that bolt on the outside. These doors must not be open when the ball is in play.

The court is divided into fourths by three lines: first-court (near the Home goal), half-court, and far-court (near the Away goal). Penalty shots are taken from marked spots halfway between first-court/far-court and the Home/Away goal, respectively.

The Exy goals are on either end of the court. The actual goal is a 3 x 7 yard (2.7 x 6.4 meter) section on the wall outlined by a bold line. The goalkeeper's territory is the 3 x 7 area on the ground directly in front of the goal, also marked by a line. Players are not allowed to cross the goal line. The boxed-in area of the goal wall is laden with sensors. When a ball strikes inside the goal the wall will light up red. A ball that hits the goal's border itself does not count. Each goal counts as one point.

The objective of the game is to out-score one's opponents.

--The Teams--

There are four positions: striker, dealer, backliner, and goalkeeper.
- The striker is offense and plays to score
-- Strikers start the game on the half-court line. The strikers on the serving team start on the inside; strikers for the defending team are on the outside.

- The dealer serves and is thereafter the middleman; dealers have the option to specialize as offense or defense and can play as an extra striker or backliner depending on how the game is going
-- Dealers start on the first/far-court lines.

- The backliner is defense and protects the goal
-- Backliners start on the first/far-court lines.

- The goalkeeper guards the goal

Six players per team are allowed on the court at a time. Generally speaking, this allows for two strikers, a dealer, two backliners, and the goalkeeper. The goalkeeper is an optional position, however; a manager may sacrifice the goal for an extra player under certain circumstances.

The minimum size for an NCAA team is currently nine players. In theory this allows for six on-court players and a sub for each position save goalkeeper. After recent events this rule is under review and posited to increase to twelve.


- Net depth varies by position. Dealers have the deepest nets so they can more easily carry the ball between offense and defense. Striker racquets are a bit shallower, still allowing them time to line up a perfect shot. Backliner racquets have just a little give, as backliners are strongly discouraged from carrying the ball; the longer a ball is near the goal the higher the chance an opposing striker can take possession of it. Goalkeeper racquets are flat. They are also the largest of the racquets, with a head that measures 1.5 x 2 feet.

- Goalkeeper racquets are also the longest allowed on court, with a shaft that tops out at 4 feet. Racquets for every other position have a range of 30-45 inches based on player height and preference. Racquet weights are also negotiable, as are the materials allowed in the construction. Generally speaking, offense racquets are made of aluminum (for lighter carry and more control), and heavy defense racquets are made of wood (for more power and force in challenges).

- Roughly the size of a fist and weighted for rebounds

- Required to be worn on the court at all times unless instructed otherwise by an official or unless the game is not in session. A visor goes in front of the eyes to allow a protected but unobstructed view of the court; grating protects the face from the nose down.

- Chest and shoulder padding, neck guard, shin guards, arm guards, and armored gloves to protect the players' fingers. Optional: bandannas to keep hair out of one's face, armor to wear over one's thighs under one's shorts, and mouth guards (to prevent accidental injury during collisions)

--Some Basic Rules--

1. Off-sides is in effect on Exy courts. Meaning: an offense player who does not have possession of the ball, or who is moving to take possession of the ball, must have an opposing defense player between him or herself and the opposing goalkeeper at all times. This prevents strikers from waiting near the goal to score. The penalty for off-sides is loss of possession and a reset to the half-court line.

2. Body checks are allowed against players who have reasonable possession of the ball: that is, who currently have it, who have just relinquished it, or who are within a moment of receiving it. The player who currently has possession of the ball may body-check any other player with no restrictions. A faulty body check results in loss of possession and a reset to the next-closest court line.

3. Any other form of fighting is prohibited and will result in a card. The severity decides whether the card is yellow or red; it also determines whether a team deserves a penalty shot or a simple loss in possession. Games are restarted from where play was halted; the exact spot will be decided on by the residing referee. No other player may stand within ten feet of the dealer during a mid-play serve.

4. "Stick checks" are allowed only between racquets. A player who strikes another player's body with his or her racquet will be carded and the opposing team will receive a penalty shot. This includes using one's racquet to trip another player. A stick check against another player's helmet is an immediate red card and earns the wounded team a penalty shot on goal.

5. Balls may only be carried for 10 steps, at which point they must be passed. Acceptable passes are to a teammate, to oneself via a rebound, or a shot on goal.

6. One yellow card is a warning. Two result in the player sitting out the remainder of the game. A player who is red-carded is immediately expelled from the ongoing game and must sit out of the next one as well.

7. Exy games for youths and high schoolers require four referees at minimum. From the NCAA level upward six are required, three to either side of the court.

8. Goalkeepers are the only players allowed to touch the ball with their hands. Players cannot catch, kick, or otherwise interfere with the ball unless using their racquets. Violation of this is a stop-play and switch of possession.


lime-yay said...

I found this interesting, because it kind of changed my perceptions of Exy quite a bit. Maybe it's because in the book, the first time we see the walls of the Exy court, they're in portable, take down and carry away form, which I don't see as 10 yard tall, 1/2 inch plexiglass. Of course I imagined the college court to be bigger and sturdier, but wow. So it changed a lot how I visualized the game.

And Andrew's racket!! Is that a 4' + 1.5 head or 4' + 2'? Either way, I did not imagine it to be larger than the boy wielding it. I'm not familiar with lacrosse whatsoever (for some reason growing up I really associated it as an affluent sport up there with skiing, haha), so their use sort of is imagined on my part as well.

I guess those are weird things to focus on, but as an engineer I was way too invested in trying to figure out the supports that would be needed for walls like that, hahaha.

marynoel said...

lime-yay : The court's design has changed almost as often as the rules and plot have.. And I'm no engineer, so there's no telling how suitable the end-result is. Originally the walls were designed like a hockey rink - lower part a solid wall for collisions and body-checks, top part plexiglass. But I think that solid wall comes and goes in the story as it pleases; I don't remember if I ever wrote it into this draft of the book.

It's a four-foot shaft, made 1.5 feet longer by the head - the head is wider than it is tall(?). So if Andrew puts the butt of the racquet on the ground beside him the entire racquet stands half a foot taller than he does. The height's not normally a problem because goalies usually aren't so tiny--luckily Andrew's strong enough to wield it effectively. (He probably looks a little ridiculous though)

I know barely anything about lacrosse; I played it for a year at college but gave up because it confused the hell out of me. :D

paulina bilej said...

Hi, I am a Polish-English translator and I am interested in translating your book to Polish (you have a lot of fans here). However, in order to do it properly I do really want to understand the Exy rules. I want to see some video of a match but can't find anything. Can someone help me and send me a link?